Kin Groups and you can Descent. The brand new exogamous patrilineal clan ( oluyia ) is the practical tool off Abaluyia social organization. Clans ous subclans. There were at the least 750 Abaluyia clans by the mid-twentieth-century. For every single clan has a pet, plant, or bird totem, plus a predecessor getting who the fresh clan can be called.
Kinship Terms. The latest Abaluyia explore a keen Iroquoian program you to incorporates classificatory kinship conditions. Grandparents and you can grandkids are called because of the exact same kin words- guga for grandfathers, grandsons, and higher-grandsons, guku having grandmothers, granddaughters, and you will https://lovingwomen.org/sv/blog/europeiska-datingsajter/ higher-granddaughters. Distinctions are built for the father’s aunt ( senje ) and mother’s sis ( khotsa ), however, clan household members of the same age group (elizabeth.g., feminine and you will female within the-laws) are called of the exact same identity (in this case, mama ). Cousins is actually addressed by the brother terms, but, every now and then, cross cousins is distinguished from inside the reference.
Marriage. Conventional Abaluyia ong the newest subnations, and you can bride to be-wealth, consisting of pets and cash, is commonly exchanged. Many types of change took place within the wedding process, and you will male parents held the brand new deals. Wives were chosen for their a great character and also the capability to strive. Dudes was along with picked of these properties, also soberness and capability to shell out bride to be-wealth. Once wedding, co-spouses constantly had independent dwellings however, would usually plan to each other. Brand new wives just weren’t allowed to get ready in their house up until their own cooking rocks was in fact set-up for the a quick service. This was have a tendency to pursuing the birth of one otherwise multiple children. Childlessness are usually charged for the woman. In some subnations, a female whoever spouse died lived in your state out-of ritual impurity up until she try passed down of the deceased husband’s sis. Split up might or might not keeps involved go back regarding bride-wide range cattle. In the example of splitting up or severe witchcraft accusations, the new woman you are going to come back to their particular natal household versus their particular college students, whom stayed along with their dads.
Abaluyia ladies in modern Kenya prefer one of many relationships alternatives, including the old-fashioned bride-to-be-money program, Christian relationships with otherwise as opposed to bride to be-money, elopement, and solitary parenthood. Women with increased studies can get command increased fiance-wide range. Bride-wealth during the Bungoma remains steady, but in Maragoli and some almost every other places, bride-money is declining otherwise vanishing. Residential Equipment. A wedded man brains a minumum of one homes. An everyday household includes a husband, a wife, and their pupils. Almost every other family can get sign up this type of domiciles, for instance the wife’s sisters, the fresh new partner’s most other college students, and you can foster college students. Since adult members of the family out of surrounding generations don’t sleep-in brand new same domestic, grandmas and you will older college students commonly entertain adjacent households; not, the usually consume regarding the exact same pot. These types of guidelines haven’t changed much, while most rural houses are in reality going of the women due to long-term men wage-labor migration. Inheritance. Property try passed on patrilineally (discover “Belongings Period”).
Socialization. Abaluyia groups try characterized by a leading standard of aunt wedding inside caretaking, underneath the standard oversight of your own mothers and you may grannies regarding homestead. Even though moms and dads gamble a primary role into the youngster rearing, small children and you can babies tends to be leftover which have earlier sisters while its mothers manage other really works. Whether or not dads gamble a low character, they could be those who bring pupils for health care. Grandparents and grandchildren possess personal dating. In the Abaluyia subnations one to circumcise, boys is actually admonished by men elders and you can trained to survive the fresh pain out-of circumcision in place of flinching, a sign that they have the strength of character to endure almost every other hardships they could deal with. Modern-day Abaluyia grandparents play a much greater role from inside the youngster rearing because they’re push about to the foster-mother positions.